조주교는 허베이성(하북성) 자오현(조현)의 효하에 있는 반원형 돌다리입니다. 수나라 595-605년 사이에 지어졌으며, 오늘날에도 여전히 보존이 잘 된 아치형 돌다리로 잘 알려져 있습니다. 많은 비바람과 홍수에도 불구하고, 여전히 견고한 모습을 간직하고 있습니다.
Driving more than 300 kilometers from Beijing to the West and south, we arrived at Zhaoxian County, Shijiazhuang, where we will visit the world-famous ancient bridge, Zhaozhou Bridge. Zhaozhou Bridge Scenic Area is not large. When entering the main entrance, a shadow wall comes into view. Mr. Mao Yisheng's words and relief stories tell the legend and history of the ancient bridge. We carefully looked, this is not included in the primary school Chinese textbook paragraph. Around the shadow wall, the folk song of cattle herding brings us to Baxian Avenue. According to legend, on the day the bridge was built, Zhang Guolao, one of the eight immortals, was riding his donkey upside down with the sun, moon and stars, accompanied by a fairy, Chaiwang. King Chai pushed a wheelbarrow carrying five mountains and three mountains. The purpose of their trip was to test the load-bearing capacity of Shiqiao. Crossing Baxian Avenue, Shiqiao, in her 1400's, appeared in front of her eyes. Rainbow-like reflections in the water form an olive shape with real stone arches. On an arch bridge with a big rainbow, four stone arches with small rainbows are carried on the shoulders. The advantages of this design are not only beautiful, but also solving the problems of self-weight and flood discharge. Walking on the bridge, he stroked the fine stone carvings on both sides of the railings with his hands. Most of the carvings were made of dragons. The ancients used dragons, the totem of the Chinese nation, to protect the stone bridge and the life on both sides of the river. I wonder if the ferocious flood that happened in the 1960s, when the water level rose close to the bridge deck, saw the dragon in the middle of the bridge and decided to withdraw. No wonder the old bridge can survive eight earthquakes and still stand up intact after nearly 10 floods. A rut and a small oval pit in the center of the bridge, together with the footprints of donkeys, seem to confirm to us that the story of Chai Wang and Zhang Guolao testing load-bearing is real. Through the joy of acceptance, Luban forgot to name the bridge, and the local people gave him a small name - Dashiqiao. One day 400 years later, a great man came, Song Zhezhong. After he passed this practical and beautiful stone bridge, Long Yan Dayue named it Anji Bridge. From then on, Zhaoxian Dashi Bridge immediately became famous in Jiuzhou. A thousand years later, in 1933, another great man came. He was Liang Sicheng, a famous architect in modern China. The Lion Dingzhou Pagoda in Cangzhou and Zhaozhou Bridge in Zhengding Bodhisattva were found by Liang Sicheng in search of the pass-on of the local population. After Mr. Liang's analysis and publication of the bridge's history and construction technology, Zhaozhou Bridge became world famous immediately. Standing in front of Li Chun's bronze statue, we seem to have traversed the time tunnel and returned to the Sui Dynasty, witnessing the great craftsmen, leading skilled craftsmen to use their wisdom and sweat to complete this world's bridge history of many first-class boutiques. Several postcards of Zhaozhou Bridge were sent out, and they stepped out of the Guqiao Post Office at the gate of the scenic spot, thus ending their visit to the ancient bridge. On the way back to Beijing, driving through a rainbow-shaped arch bridge, I saw the shadow of Zhaozhou Bridge...
Zhaozhou Bridge, also known as Anji Bridge (named by Song Zhezong, meaning "Andu Jimin"), is situated on the Fanhe River in Zhaoxian County, about 40 kilometers southeast of Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province. It was built from the first year of Daye in Sui Dynasty to eleven years (605-616). It was designed and built by Li Chun, a craftsman. It has a history of 1400 years. It is the earliest and best preserved ancient open-shoulder stone arch bridge in the world. The bridge body is built of stone, commonly known as "Dashiqiao". The bridge is more than 50 meters long, 9 meters wide and 7.23 meters high. (Chinese traditionally call arc bridge holes, doors and other buildings as "coupons" and the shoulders of coupons as "collision"), driving horses in the middle, pedestrians on both sides, there are no bridges below, there is only one arch-shaped bridge hole, and there are two arch-shaped small bridge holes on both sides (full shoulder or solid shoulder type without small arches), which can reduce the bridge's self-weight and save material. Material, and easy to discharge flood, increase beauty, across the 37 meters wide river, very magnificent. Hebei folk call Zhaozhou Bridge and Cangzhou Iron Lion, Dingzhou Kaiyuan Temple Pagoda and Zhengding Longxing Temple Bodhisattva statue "Four Treasures of North China".
Zhaozhou Bridge is probably the most famous ancient bridge in China! Zhaozhou Bridge is mainly influenced by primary school textbooks and secondary school history textbooks. Zhaozhou Bridge is indeed beautifully structured, durable and still magnificent after thousands of years. If you can buy a set of tickets, you can see the Ancient Bridge Museum first. There are many introductions and models of classical Chinese bridges in it. Look at the museum and then the bridge. Many people buy tickets for Zhaozhou Bridge and look directly at the bridge. The scenic spot is not big. The River under the bridge is actually reserved for Zhaozhou Bridge, like a reservoir. The scenic spot is not big. It's worth seeing.
It is worth seeing the miracle of ancient Chinese engineering architecture. Looking around the upstream and downstream of the bridge, it is very shocking. With ingenious conception, exquisite material selection and exquisite workmanship, it is impossible for the construction of tofu residue project to be built on the basis of the construction experience after 1400 years. Tie Ning's 1400 anniversary articles have exhausted gorgeous rhetoric and made people laugh. Then look at the Zhaozhou Bridge Ming next to Tang Zhongshu Ling Zhang Jiazhen, which is even more amazing. Zhaozhou Bridge is still there, beside the statue of Lichun made by contemporary people, ceramic tiles have already been peeled off. Look at the construction and craftsmanship inside, it makes people sweat, ancient and modern comparisons, perfect display. In October 2015, the fare was 60 yuan, the cost-effectiveness ratio was extremely low. I don't know how long this kind of ancient food can last.
Zhaoxian County, located in Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province, is 50 kilometers away from Shijiazhuang City by car. The traffic is inconvenient. It is recommended to drive by oneself. To be fair, the small environment of Zhaozhou Bridge is well built. It crosses the river and forms a very comfortable small park around it. The bridge was built in the Sui Dynasty and was made of stone. The builder, Li Chun, was also a famous craftsman at that time. Zhaozhou Bridge, 1400 years ago, is the earliest and most complete single-span open-shoulder stone arch bridge preserved so far. I learned it in textbooks when I was a child, and I was deeply impressed. It belongs to one of the places that I must go to in my life.
Take a bus to Zhaoxian at Nanjiao Station (12 yuan). Take the No. 2 bus (1 yuan) across Shita Street to the final stop. The Guqiao Exhibition Hall is 30 yuan, the Zhaozhou Bridge Scenic Area is 40 yuan, and the museum is divided into three districts and the first two. In addition to Zhaozhou Bridge, there is also a new cable bridge and a gallery bridge in the scenic area. Unfortunately, they can not be constructed according to the old bridge. If we can build a representative of all kinds of old bridges into the garden, we can add some ancient connotations. Zhaozhou Bridge is also known as Dashiqiao, Zhaoxian County also has a small stone bridge. In Yongtongqiao Park, bus No. 2 is available. Although it is like Dashiqiao, it has its own characteristics. It is regrettable that no introduction has been seen.
We have to Tucao Hebei's scenic area design, traffic is extremely inconvenient. Look at the scenic spots in Henan Province across the river. The scenic spot itself is also good, the round trip drip taxi cost 160, the scenic spot ticket student ticket 20. The scenic spot itself is not big, but I hope I can feel the architecture of Sui Dynasty and think about the prosperity of the bridge thousands of years ago. By the way, my classmates in Shijiazhuang said that the donkey meat in Zhaoxian was very delicious, which was proved to be true.
Zhaozhou Bridge, also known as Anji Bridge, is located in Zhaoxian County, Hebei Province, more than 40 kilometers away from Shijiazhuang City. It is a famous ancient stone bridge in China, known as "the first bridge in the world", with a span of 37 meters. It was built in the Sui Dynasty and has a history of 1400 years. It is also well preserved and can be called a miracle.
With the yearning for this magical building in primary school textbooks, I came to Zhaozhou. Although the fog was misty, it increased the mystery of the first bridge in China, saw the wisdom of ancient Chinese, saw the spirit of Chinese craftsmen, and came here to find the source of Chinese wisdom.
Very good attractions, worthy of recommendation. The children have increased a lot of knowledge, and the combination of textbooks has benefited a lot! __________ The Bridge Exhibition Hall is also good. It is suggested to walk around and learn more about the historical classification of bridges and so on. Behind the uncivilized behavior must be exposed, hoping to strengthen the management of scenic spots.