Bating Square is located in the center of Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam. It covers about one third of Tiananmen Square. It is an important place for holding rallies and festival activities. Bating was originally a township in Eshan County, Qinghua Province. In the eighties of the nineteenth century, Bating first broke out the anti-French movement. In commemoration of the anti-French struggle of the Vietnamese people, the square was named after the victory of the "August Revolution" in Vietnam. On September 2, 1945, President Ho Chi Minh read out Vietnam's Declaration of Independence and proclaimed the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (renamed the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in 1976). Bating Square is 320 meters long and nearly 100 meters wide. The ground consists of 168 small lawns besides the cross-road section, which can accommodate 200,000 people. On the west side of the square lies the Mausoleum of President Ho Chi Minh, and on the East lies the Bating Hall, surrounded by green trees and arched like walls. The square has several radial boulevards connected with other parts of Hanoi's urban area. More than 1000 meters long and 24 meters wide, Xiongwang Avenue runs through the square.