Here you can see a panoramic view of Hailar City. The scenery is good. But as a historical and patriotic education base, tickets should not be required. And the window of the ticket office is the machine gun eye of the enemy attacking our artillery building during the previous war. The leaders of Hulunbuir City are so creative that they don't know what they think.
The Memorial Garden is a red education base of military theme, which integrates patriotism, internationalism and revolutionary heroism. Young people really should visit it. The Japanese invasion of Hailaer Fortress was built in 1934-1937. It is a military fortification built by the Japanese Guandong Army in Hailaer, mainly for inland defense. It is the most complex, largest and largest underground work in the same kind of sites in China. The most complete and well-preserved circular defensive position is also the command center of Hailar Defence Zone. This is the historical testimony of Japan's invasion of China and the resistance struggle of the people of all nationalities in China. It is also one of the strong evidences of the crimes committed by the Japanese Guandong Army in China in the Second World War. It is also the history of the blood and tears of Chinese labor construction works.
Starting from Honghuaerji, we drove for half an hour, passed Yimin River Power Plant, took S202 Provincial Road, and entered Hailar City around 11 o'clock. The World Anti-Fascist War Hailar Memorial Park is near the city, took G301 National Road and then turned into a supplementary road. The World Anti-Fascist War Hailar Memorial Park is a national 5A War theme park with a total area of 110 hectares. The park is divided into two parts: the ground and the underground. Among them, the ground is built with the Museum of Hailar Fortress Site, Theme Square, Ground War Relics, simulated war scenes, and the underground part is the underground works relics of the Japanese Army at that time. The Japanese Command, the soldiers'dormitory, the health room and the communication room have been restored. Japan's Hailar Fortress was built in the spring of 1934 and completed in the end of 1937. It took four years to start visiting the ground. A hillside beside the parking lot was covered with tanks of all kinds, accompanied by life-size dummy models of charge. It created an atmosphere of the battlefield. This was the scene of the Soviet army's attack fortress at that time. The platform we stood on was the fortress at that time. At present, the ticket office of the park also simulates the artillery building of that year. In this tank position, there are also some tanks of our army. They are all Soviet tanks. In the center of the park square, there are a group of collective statues of heroes celebrating the victory. On one side of the square, there are planes, artillery and walking into the museum. Here, there are all kinds of anti-Japanese heroes who happened in Hailar during the Anti-Japanese War. From the sketch map, we can see the familiar place names of Chaihe, Yakshi, Hailar, Hulunbeir, Alshan and Manzhouli. Every place has very specific local characters and events. Throughout the whole war, the Northeast Anti-Japanese Coalition Army, the International 88th Brigade, the Soviet Red Army and the Red Channel all have a concrete understanding in this exhibition. 。 In the corridor leading to the underground works, there is a ground covered with glass. The ground is covered with white bones. During the construction of the military works, the Japanese Guandong Army captured tens of thousands of laborers from the mainland of China. After the completion of the project, in order to keep military secrets, the Guandong Army killed all the laborers. The white bones in the "Man pits" on the North Bank of Hailar River are the iron evidence. What is displayed here is only the pole. In a small part, the underground works are located tens of meters deep underground. The underground temperature is 0-4 degrees Celsius. The work is east-west. The total area of the works is 9053 square meters. The length of the main road is 5481 meters. There are 11 entrances and exits, each of which is connected with the ground forces, artillery positions and observation posts. All the works scattered on the ground have been destroyed, while the underground fortresses are well preserved. There are hospitals, dormitories, bathrooms, canteens, warehouses, communication rooms, commander's offices, as well as perfect water storage and drainage facilities. On August 8, 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, and on the 15th, Japan declared unconditional surrender. The Japanese Kwantung Army, which remained in the Japanese underground fortress, was still dying without notice of surrender. On the 18th, under the strong attack of the Soviet army, the commander of the Japanese Army surrendered in this office.
In September of the golden autumn, the trip to northern Xinjiang--the Hailar Memorial Garden of the World Anti-Fascist War (27), "the Hailar Memorial Garden of the World Anti-Fascist War", a national AAAA-level tourist attraction, located in the Beishan Pass of Hailar City, Hulunbuir City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, was established on the original "site of the Hailar Fortress of the Japanese invading China", except for the huge underground works site - "Japanese Command, communication rooms, dormitories, There are many tanks, artillery and other military equipment in the above-ground parks. If it is not self-driving, it is inconvenient to take the bus. It is not convenient to take the No. 5 bus to the terminal in the city. It is necessary to hike 1.7 kilometers along the trail and "Hailar Memorial Park of the World Anti-Fascist War" as a red patriotic education base "Don't Forget National Shame", which is still worth visiting. Besides the inconvenience of transportation, it is also worth visiting. Can overcome, 50 yuan a ticket, there is some incomprehension. Shenyang's "9.18" Memorial Hall, also a national AAAA-level tourist attractions, was selected "National Red Tourist Spots List", is the world's comprehensive reflection of the "9.18" incident history museum, is free to visit.
It has both the scenery and the significance of patriotism and anti-fascism education. Through the construction and tunnel visits, we can vaguely feel the cruelty of the war and the inhumanity of the Japanese ghosts. We can see the courage of the Chinese, Soviet, Mongolian and other enemies to fight against the Japanese aggressors.
The first stop in Hailar is the World Anti-Fascist War Hailar Memorial Park, located in the northern part of Hailar City. It is positioned as a national 5A War theme park with a total area of 110 hectares. It was built on the site of the former Japanese invasion of Hailar Fortress. It is a military theme red tourist attraction integrating patriotism, internationalism and revolutionary heroism. It is rare in China with the same theme. One of the theme parks. The park is divided into two parts: ground and underground, including the Hailar Fortress Site Museum (divided into four exhibition halls and nine parts), theme plaza, ground war relics, simulated war scenes, tourist service facilities and so on; underground works relics, restored the Japanese Army Command, soldiers'dormitories, health rooms, communication rooms, etc., and the park construction is magnificent and magnificent. Atmosphere, deep and solemn, thought-provoking. Tickets are worth 60 yuan.